Hogs and fowl form part of the village economy. Vanuatu is ideal for cattle, and large numbers are raised on plantations; in 2001 there were an estimated 151,000 head of cattle, up from around 124,000 in 1990. The growing meat-packing industry produces frozen, chilled, and tinned beef; production of beef totaled about 4,000 tons (dressed carcass weight) in 2001. The beef industry is centered on the island of Espiritu Santo, where the country's main abattoir is located. Beef is exported primarily to Japan, with a lesser amount going to New Caledonia.