Tajikistan became a member of the UN on 2 March 1992. It also is a member of the Asian Development Bank, ESCAP, FAO, OSCE, IAEA, IMF, IDA, IFAD, ILO, NACC, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, and the World Bank, and is applying for membership in other international organizations. It has observer status at the WTO. A member of the CIS, the country is recognized by the United States and the EU countries. Western nations are especially concerned with the security of the country's uranium reserves. Tajikistan has especially close ties with Iran.
In June 2001, leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan met in China to launch the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and sign an agreement to fight ethnic and religious militancy while promoting trade.