Forests and woodland comprised about 8,210,000 hectares (20,287,000 acres) in 2000. There are rich stands of coniferous forests in the northern provinces. Predominant trees include oak, alder, larch, pine, spruce, and fir. Timber production was estimated at 7 million cu m (247 million cu ft) in 2000. About 80% of the timber cut was used for fuel. Sawn wood production in 2000 was 280,000 cu m (9.9 million cu ft); wood pulp, 56,000 tons; and paper and paperboard, 80,000 tons. The Ministry of Forestry, created in 1980, promotes development of forest industries.