Jordan has had to rely on foreign assistance for support of its budget, which has increased rapidly since the 1967 war. During the late 1980s, Jordan incurred large fiscal deficits, which led to a heavy burden of external debt. Efforts at cutting public expenditures reduced the budget deficit from 21% of GDP in 1989 to 18% in 1991. The Persian Gulf War, however, forced Jordan to delay the IMF deficit reduction program begun in 1989.
The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 2001 Jordan's central government took in revenues of approximately $29 billion and had expenditures of $31 billion. Overall, the government registered a deficit of approximately $2 billion. External debt totaled $8.2 billion.
The following table shows an itemized breakdown of government revenues and expenditures. The percentages were calculated from data reported by the International Monetary Fund. The dollar amounts (millions) are based on the CIA estimates provided above.
|REVENUE AND GRANTS||100.0%||29,000|
|General public services||6.6%||2,046|
|Public order and safety||9.1%||2,812|
|Housing and community amenities||1.8%||561|
|Recreation, cultural, and religious affairs||1.5%||468|
|Economic affairs and services||8.0%||2,494|