Jordan - Foreign trade



Jordan has traditionally run a trade deficit with imports at least doubling exports. During the 1990s, fertilizers accounted for about a quarter of Jordan's commodity exports, and amounted to almost a quarter of the world's total exports of crude fertilizers (23%). However, in 2000, Jordan's fertilizer exports plummeted, accounting for a mere 7.6% of exports. No particular commodity now dominates Jordan's export market, but key exports include apparel (8.9%), medical and pharmaceutical products (8.6%), and paper products (4.7%). Other important exports are industrial machinery (4.8%) and vegetables (6.4%).

In 2000 Jordan's imports were distributed among the following categories:

Jordan

Consumer goods 11.4%
Food 17.1%
Fuels 4.8%
Industrial supplies 30.7%
Machinery 15.7%
Transportation 17.5%
Other 2.8%

Principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:

Jordan

COUNTRY EXPORTS IMPORTS BALANCE
Sa'udi Arabia 119 149 -30
United States 67 452 -385
Iraq 32 159 -127
Turkey 16 90 -74
Germany 14 524 -510
Japan 14 180 -166
Italy 9 165 -156
Korea 9 162 -153
United Kingdom n.a. 207 n.a.
France n.a. 172 n.a.

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