Present-day Iraq, comprising an area of 437,072 sq km (168,754 sq mi), corresponds roughly to the former Turkish provinces of Baghdad, Mosul (Al-Mawsil), and Basra (Al-Basrah). Comparatively, the area occupied by Iraq is slightly more than twice the size of the state of Idaho. It extends 984 km (611 mi) SSE – NNW and 730 km (454 mi) ENE – WSW . Iraq is bordered on the N by Turkey, on the E by Iran, on the SE by the Persian Gulf and Kuwait, on the S by Sa'udi Arabia, on the W by Jordan, and on the NW by Syria, with a total land boundary length of 3,650 km (2,268 mi) and a coastline of 58 km (36 mi).
Iraq's capital city, Baghdad, is located in the east central part of the country.