Iraq - Environment





The major sources of environmental damage are effluents from oil refineries, factory and sewage discharges into rivers, fertilizer and chemical contamination of the soil, and industrial air pollution in urban areas. An estimated 1% of agricultural land is lost each year through soil erosion and salinization.

The government has not developed a comprehensive environmental conservation policy, but it has initiated programs to prevent water pollution, to reclaim land by reducing soil salinity, and to protect wildlife by limiting hunting. As a result of damage from the 1991 Persian Gulf War, water pollution has increased. Purification systems for water and sewage are inadequate. Toxic chemicals from damaged oil facilities contribute to water pollution. Iraq has 35.2 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources with 92% used in farming activity. Only 48% of those living in rural areas have access to safe drinking water.

Iraq ranks among the 50 nations with the world's highest levels of industrial carbon dioxide emissions. Its 1992 emissions totaled 64.5 million metric tons, a per capita level of 3.33 metric tons. In 1996, the total rose to 91 million metric tons. The nation's cities produce on average 6 million tons of solid waste per year.

The Supreme Council for the Human Environment is the principal environmental agency; its implementing body, the Directorate General for the Human Environment, was established in 1975 and is attached to the Ministry of Health. As of 2001, 7 of Iraq's mammal species and 12 of its bird species are endangered. Endangered species include the northern bald Ibis, Persian fallow deer, Sa'udi Arabian dorcas gazelle, and Asiatic cheetah. The Syrian wild ass has become extinct.

User Contributions:

aisha
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Mar 17, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
The inpact of the environmental isue,is one of the major problem . The human are reponsible for distroying the animals and their habitat.Please can we all find the solution for this problems? befor is too late.
Robert
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Apr 11, 2008 @ 3:03 am
The first step in the recovery of the Iraqi environment is in education and funding for an environmental program, which I believe is happening. It will takes years for recovery to have a full effect,but it is possible
Aseel
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Aug 12, 2009 @ 4:04 am
Am from Iraq and i witness the side effect of the polution in iraq everyday. Am woking now on a reaserch about this as i call it catastroph, I hope to find sloution for this problem but as aisha mentioned we the Human are the responsible for this problem and we have to solve it befor it will be to late to act.
we have to save our environment and our plant.

It is time to give back to earth as it gave us since the ceation of it.
We need to educate Iraqi people about this problem, it is not the problem of the governemt only we have to act all to solve it.
Am screeming PLZ be aware of the danger of this pollution
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Sep 29, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
The first step in the recovery of the Iraqi environment is in education and funding for an environmental program, which I believe is happening. It will takes years for recovery to have a full effect,but it is possible3AseelAug 12, 2009 @ 4:04 amAm from Iraq and i witness the side effect of the polution in iraq everyday. Am woking now on a reaserch about this as i call it catastroph, I hope to find sloution for this problem but as aisha mentioned we the Human are the responsible for this problem and we have to solve it befor it will be to late to act.
we have to save our environment and our plant.

It is time to give back to earth as it gave us since the ceation of it.
We need to educate Iraqi people about this problem, it is not the problem of the governemt only we have to act all to solve it.
Am screeming PLZ be aware of the danger of this pollution
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Apr 4, 2011 @ 7:07 am
wow that is really bad what happen in Iran in the past few years. i feel bad for the people that live in Iran.
Hunter
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Apr 30, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
This was extremely helpful for my project. Thank you.
Chad
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Jun 18, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Thanks a heaps :) hepled me heaps for my project. thanks a again.
Shahrivan
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May 20, 2013 @ 6:06 am
Actually, when we talk about Iraq we need to be more deep and serious. still now there is not a program to solve the problems about environment. I'm talking about the government, about the corrupt policymakers like prime minister. In this time there are several questions! Who do not have a one respect for their citizens? How we can change Iraq? There is any opportunity Or No?
Please someone answer me
19jsohn3
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Feb 14, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
Hey, thanks, this really helped with my prodject.:)

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