INDONESIA



Republic of Indonesia

Republik Indonesia

CAPITAL : Jakarta

FLAG : The national flag, adopted in 1949, consists of a red horizontal stripe above a white stripe.

ANTHEM : Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia).

MONETARY UNIT : The rupiah (R P ) consists of 100 sen. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 rupiahs, and notes of 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 rupiahs. R P 1 = $0.0001149 (or $1 = R P 8,700) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Independence Day, 17 August; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include the Prophet's Birthday, Ascension of Muhammad, Good Friday, Ascension Day of Jesus Christ, the end of Ramadan, 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', and the 1st of Muharram (Muslim New Year).

TIME : Western, 7 PM = noon GMT; Central, 8 PM = noon GMT; Eastern, 9 PM = noon GMT.


DEPENDENCIES

Indonesia has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anderson, Benedict R. O'G. Language and Power: Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1990.

——. The Oil Boom and After: Indonesian Economic Policy and Performance in the Soeharto Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Bresnan, John. Managing Indonesia: The Modern Political Economy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Buchori, Moctar. Sketches of Indonesian Society: A Look from Within. Jakarta, Indonesia: IKIP-Muhammadiyah Jakarta Press, 1994.

Chandra, Satish and Baladas Ghoshal (eds.) Indonesia: A New Beginning? New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 2002.

Cribb, R. B. Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1992.

Detlor, Pamela. Gender and Development across Cultures: Searching for a Common Ground in Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: University Consortium on the Environment, 1994.

Dumargay, Jacques. Cultural Sites of Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

—— and Robert L. Worden (eds.). Indonesia: A Country Study. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993.

Gardner, Paul F. Shared Hopes, Separate Fears: Fifty Years of U.S.-Indonesian Relations. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

Giannakos, S.A. (ed.). Ethnic Conflict: Religion, Identity, and Politics. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2002.

Gunn, Geoffrey C. New World Hegemony in the Malay World. Trenton, N.J.: Red Sea Press, 2000.

Hill, Hal. The Indonesian Economy since 1966: Southeast Asia's Emerging Giant. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Istiadah. Muslim Women in Contemporary Indonesia: Investigating Paths to Resist the Patriarchal System. Clayton, Victoria, Australia: The Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1995.

Kayam, Umar. Literature of Indonesia. New York: Festival of Indonesia Foundation, 1991.

Lubis, Mochtar. Indonesia: Land under the Rainbow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

MacIntyre, Andrew. Business and Politics in Indonesia. North Sydney, Australia: Asian Studies Association of Australia, 1991.

Ricklefs, M. C. A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300. 2nd ed. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Suryadinata, Leo. Indonesia's Foreign Policy Under Suharto: Aspiring to International Leadership. Singapore: Times Academic Press, 1996.

User Contributions:

1
Dannielle Sarmardin
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Sep 3, 2007 @ 3:03 am
I reckon that the Information would be the best cause when someone goes to read the passage they know exactly what they are reading and what they are wanting to know about Indonesia
2
Caitlin
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Jun 3, 2008 @ 2:02 am
thanks heaps for this site. has a lot of infornmation that i could not find ANYWHERE!!! so thanks

caitlin
3
Elissa
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Mar 5, 2009 @ 10:22 pm
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4
desirae
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May 1, 2009 @ 8:08 am
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5
Chris
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Sep 7, 2009 @ 11:23 pm
Indonesia is the best country in the world I've ever been to

I love Bali
6
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Feb 10, 2010 @ 7:07 am
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