Republic of Indonesia

Republik Indonesia

CAPITAL : Jakarta

FLAG : The national flag, adopted in 1949, consists of a red horizontal stripe above a white stripe.

ANTHEM : Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia).

MONETARY UNIT : The rupiah (R P ) consists of 100 sen. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 rupiahs, and notes of 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 rupiahs. R P 1 = $0.0001149 (or $1 = R P 8,700) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Independence Day, 17 August; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include the Prophet's Birthday, Ascension of Muhammad, Good Friday, Ascension Day of Jesus Christ, the end of Ramadan, 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', and the 1st of Muharram (Muslim New Year).

TIME : Western, 7 PM = noon GMT; Central, 8 PM = noon GMT; Eastern, 9 PM = noon GMT.


Indonesia has no territories or colonies.


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Lubis, Mochtar. Indonesia: Land under the Rainbow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

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Ricklefs, M. C. A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1300. 2nd ed. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1993.

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User Contributions:

Dannielle Sarmardin
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Sep 7, 2009 @ 11:23 pm
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