AFGHANISTAN



Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan

Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan

CAPITAL : Kabul

FLAG : Three equal vertical bands of black (hoist), red, and green, with a white emblem centered on the red band; the emblem features a temple-like structure encircled by a wreath on the left and right and by a bold Islamic inscription above.

ANTHEM : Esllahte Arzi (Land Reform), beginning "So long as there is the earth and the heavens."

MONETARY UNIT : The afghani ( AF ) is a paper currency of 100 puls. There are coins of 25 and 50 puls and 1, 2, and 5 afghanis, and notes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 afghanis. Af1 = $0.0211 (or $1 = AF 47.3) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, although some local units are still in use.

HOLIDAYS : Now Rooz (New Year's Day), 21 March; May Day, 1 May; Independence Day, 18 August. Movable religious holidays include First Day of Ramadan, 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', 'Ashura, and Milad an-Nabi. The Afghan calendar year begins on 21 March; the Afghan year 1376 began on 21 March 1997.

TIME : 4:30 PM = noon GMT.


INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Afghanistan has been a member of the UN since 19 November 1946. Afghanistan also belongs to the Asian Development Bank, the Colombo Plan, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the G-77, the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), and the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

FISHING

Some fishing takes place in the lakes and rivers, but fish does not constitute a significant part of the Afghan diet. Using explosives for fishing or so-called dynamite fishing is trend that has become very popular since the 1980's and is common practice in the country. The annual catch was about 1,000 tons in 2000.

INSURANCE

The fate of the Afghan National Insurance Co., which covered fire, transport, and accident insurance, is unknown as of 2002.

DEPENDENCIES

Afghanistan has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adamec, Ludwig W. Dictionary of Afghan Wars, Revolutions, and Insurgencies. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 1996.

Bonner, Arthur. Among the Afghans. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1987.

Clifford, Mary Louise. The Land and People of Afghanistan. New York: Lippincott, 1989.

Emadi, Hafizullah. State, Revolution, and Superpowers in Afghanistan. New York: Praeger, 1990.

Ewans, Sir Martin. Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics. New York: HarperCollins, 2002.

Giustozzi, Antonio. War, Politics, and Society in Afghanistan, 1978–1992. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2000.

Goodson, Larry P. Afghanistan's Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001.

Grasselli, Gabriella. British and American Responses to the Soviet Invation of Afghanistan. Aldershot, England: Dartmouth, 1996.

Kakar, M. Hasan. Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979–1982. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Magnus, Ralph H. Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx, and Mujahid. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998.

Muhammad, Fayz. Kabul under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1999.

O'Balance, Edgar. Afghan Wars, 1839–1992: What Britain Gave Up and the Soviet Union Lost. New York: Barssey's, 1993.

Rall, Ted. To Afghanistan and Back: A Graphic Travelogue. New York: Nantier, Beall, Minoustchine, 2002.

User Contributions:

1
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Nov 28, 2010 @ 12:00 am
i need information about the power energy of afghanistan
2
boco
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Sep 14, 2015 @ 11:23 pm
Afghanistan is very cool, i like to go there, more people come to here and visit Afghanistan la

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