Trinidad and Tobago - Foreign trade

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The foreign trade of Trinidad and Tobago is very large for a country of its size, a fact attributable mainly to its petroleum processing industry, whereby crude oil is imported and then reexported as gasoline, kerosene, and other petroleum products. The economy's prosperity is thus tied closely to trade, which, in turn, is closely linked to the price and demand structure of the world petroleum market.

Up to 1992, the government prohibited the importation of some manufactured products without a license. The government replaced this list with supplemental tariffs, which coupled with the CARICOM Common External Tariff (CET), reached nearly 100%. These supplemental tariffs were reduced to CET levels by 1995, alleviating high prices on foreign goods. By 1996, quantitative restrictions were eliminated, as were surcharges and stamp duties on nonagricultural goods.

Trinidad and Tobago's main sources of commodity export income are refined petroleum products (39%), crude petroleum (27%), and natural and manufactured gas (26%). Other exports include ammonia (8.4%) and iron and steel (5.7%).

In 2000 Trinidad and Tobago's imports were distributed among the following categories:

Trinidad and Tobago

Consumer goods 7.1%
Food 7.2%
Fuels 32.3%
Industrial supplies 21.8%
Machinery 18.1%
Transportation 13.3%
Other 0.2%

Principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:

Trinidad and Tobago

United States 1,991 1,170 821
Jamaica 334 19 315
France 160 35 125
Spain 127 13 114
Guyana 98 15 83
United Kingdom 72 119 -47
Venezuela 35 609 -574
Colombia 19 263 -244
Gabon n.a. 124 n.a.
Japan n.a. 108 n.a.
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