About 66% of the islanders are descendants of slaves brought from Africa. About 19% of the population is of mixed origin, and a small minority (3.5%) is of European descent. In the second half of the 19th century, 2,472 indentured laborers from Asia were brought to St. Vincent; their descendants, making up about 6% of the current population, are known as East Indians. About 2% of the people are Amerindians. Of the mixed group, about 1,000 persons, identified as Black Caribs, descend from the intermingling of Amerindians and Africans that occurred before European colonization.