Grenada - Judicial system
The Grenada Supreme Court, in St. George's, consists of a High Court of Justice and a two-tier Court of Appeals. The Court of Magisterial Appeals hears appeals from magistrates' courts, which exercise summary jurisdiction; the Itinerant Court of Appeal hears appeals from the High Court.
On joining the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) in 1991, the Grenada Supreme Court became the Supreme Court of Grenada and the West Indian Associated States. Under the OECS system, until 2003 appeals were taken from this court to the Judicial Committee of Her Majesty's Privy Council in the United Kingdom. Grenada was among the eight nations (Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago) whose leaders met in Kingston on 9 June 2003 to ratify a treaty to establish the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) to hear cases formerly taken to the Privy Council. The first session of the CCJ was scheduled for November 2003.
The judiciary is independent. There are no military or political courts. The law provides for the right to a fair public trial, to a presumption of innocence, to remain silent, and to seek the advice of an attorney.