Cuba - Environment



Cuba Environment 1614
Photo by: PHB.cz

The Cuban government has formed several agencies to protect the environment. Among them are the National Parks Service, the National Commission of Environmental Protection and Rational Use of Natural Resources (1977), the National Environmental Education Program, the Academy of Sciences of Cuba, and the National Commission for the Protection of the Environment and for Conservation of Natural Resources. As of 2000, Cuba's most pressing environmental problems were deforestation and the preservation of its wildlife. The government has sponsored a successful reforestation program aimed at replacing forests that had gradually decreased to a total of 17% of the land area by the mid-1990s. Another major environmental problem is the pollution of Havana Bay. In 1994, Cuba had the seventh-largest mangrove area in the world. Altogether, 51% of the country's renewable water sources are used for agricultural purposes. About 95% of Cuba's city dwellers and 77% of its rural people have pure drinking water. In 1996 Cubans emitted 31.1 million metric tons of industrial carbon dioxide.

Endangered species in Cuba include the Cuban solenodon, four species of hutia (dwarf, Cabera's, large-eared, and little earth), two species of crocodile (American and Cuban), and the Cuban tree boa. In 2001, nine mammal species in a total of 31 were considered threatened. Thirteen bird species in a total of 137 were also threatened. Seven types of reptiles of 105 were endangered, along with 834 plant species out of a total of 6,000-plus. The ivory-billed woodpecker, Cuban red macaw, Caribbean monk seal, and Torre's cave rat have become extinct.

User Contributions:

Torin White
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Apr 13, 2008 @ 7:19 pm
the information on this page (Cuba Environment) is great. im doing a report on Cuba and this helped aloat. im sorry that i dont have any information for this but thank you.
kim
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Sep 10, 2008 @ 4:16 pm
VERY HELPFUL IN INTERNAL ASSESSMENT FOR SPANISH . HELPED ALOT IN MY RESEARCH ON CUBA
Sean K.
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Jan 19, 2009 @ 6:18 pm
This information helped with my son's research project. Thanks.
Brandon
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Mar 18, 2009 @ 9:21 pm
Appreciate it, helped with my Asian/ Latin American project.
Beth
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Mar 27, 2010 @ 3:03 am
Great info - I am representing Cuba at a youth conference simulating the UN. This is ideal for tomorrow's discussion on sustainability. Thanks!
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Apr 22, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
thanks this has a lot with my Cuban social studies project at school i am studying enviorment
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Sep 14, 2010 @ 10:10 am
It really helped me, ive been doing the 5 themes of geography about Cuba and it really helped me..Especialy in the theme 3 human enviroment interaction...Thanks
Randal
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Nov 17, 2010 @ 9:09 am
I really liked the information on my site. It is really helping with a spanish project. Thank you!
Autumn
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Jan 14, 2013 @ 8:08 am
This info is a good help! Thanx for giving it to us to use on our projects1!

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