Canada - Flora and fauna

Canada Flora And Fauna 1703
Photo by: Pavel Cheiko

A great range of plant and animal life characterizes the vast area of Canada, with its varied geographic and climatic zones. The flora of the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region resembles that of the adjacent US section, with white pine, hemlock, sugar and red maples, yellow birch, and beech trees. Coniferous trees—particularly red spruce—predominate in the Maritime region, black spruce in the eastern Laurentian zone, white spruce in the western. In the east are also found the balsam fir, white cedar, tamarack, white birch, and aspen, with jack pine in the drier areas. From the prairie grassland to the Arctic tundra there are aspen, bur oak, balm of Gilead, cottonwood, balsam poplar, white birch, and other deciduous trees. Conifers dominate the northern section. Many types of grasses grow on the interior plains. The wet area along the west coast is famous for its tall, hard conifers: western hemlock and red cedar, Douglas fir, Sitka spruce, and western white pine. Subalpine forests cover the Rocky Mountain area, where there are such conifers as alpine fir, Engelmann spruce, lodgepole pine and aspen, and mountain hemlock. The great Arctic region is covered with low-growing grasses, mosses, and bushes.

The fauna of the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region includes deer, black bear, opossum, gray and red squirrels, otter, beaver, and skunk; birds include eastern bluebird, red-winged blackbird, robin, wood thrush, woodpecker, oriole, bobolink, crow, hawk, bittern, heron, black duck, and loon. In the boreal forest area there are moose, caribou, black bear, lynx, timber wolf, marten, beaver, porcupine, snowshoe rabbit, red squirrel, and chipmunk. Typical mammals of the Rocky Mountain area are grizzly bear, mountain goat, moose, wapiti, cougar, and alpine flying squirrel. In the plains are rabbits, gophers, prairie birds, and waterfowl. Abundant on the west coast are deer, Cascade mountain goat, red squirrel, mountain beaver, various species of mice, and Puget striped skunk; common birds include northern Pigmy-owl, band-tailed pigeon, black swift, northern flicker, crow, rufous-sided towhee, and black brant. Over the stretches of the Arctic are the musk ox and reindeer, polar bear, caribou, white and blue fox, arctic hare, and lemming, as well as the snowy owl, ptarmigan, snow bunting, arctic tern, and other birds. Walrus, seals, and whales inhabit Canada's coastal waters.

Also read article about Canada from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

Allison Ferreira
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 30, 2007 @ 5:05 am
Very informative, I found plenty of information for my daughters yr 2 project on Canada, Thankyou.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 2, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
Thank you so much. I have a 6th grade project about differences between Canada and the U.S. and found exactly what I needed. I recomend this site for ALL of my social studies projects
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 2, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
Thank you!!! I am from Kazakhstan, and it is my home work to find about flora and founa in Canada, you are so informative!!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 21, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
yo...thx so much im doing a project!! and this is exactly what i needed ur so awesome!!!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 2, 2009 @ 2:14 pm
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 12, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
thanks a lot for the information, children will be happy for the preparation of the class
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 26, 2017 @ 10:22 pm
Данный сайт создан для всех, кто неравнодушен к финансам, кто желает познать самые простые и эффективные способы заработка. Мы сможем научить вас зарабатывать хорошие деньги, не прикладывая к этому огромных усилий. Здесь вы сможете узнать всё о платёжных системах в сети, о валютных и фондовых рынках, об инвестициях и заработке в сети.

Раздел форума для новичков поможет вам определиться с направлением, которое даст вам возможность зарабатывать приличные деньги, а общение с такими же заинтересованными пользователями позволит вам окунуться в атмосферу бизнеса и финансов, при этом вам не придётся открывать своё дело. Всё уже придумано до вас! Вам нужно лишь правильно и с умом воспользоваться информацией, которую вы найдёте на нашем финфоруме.

С нашей помощью вы существенно увеличите своё благосостояние и сможете развиваться в финансовом плане всё время. Все пользователи Финфорума конкретно за этим к нам и зашли, их отзывы о Финфоруме вы сможете найти у нас на портале.

На нашем форуме вы можете найти работу, предложить её другим людям, рассказать о понравившемся вам способе заработка, поделиться своим опытом в финансовом плане, добиться успехов на этом поприще!

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: