Tunisia - Science and technology
The Pasteur Institute, founded in 1893, conducts medical research in Tunis; that city is also home to institutes for the study of veterinary science (1897) and geology (1962). There are research centers for agronomy (founded in 1914) and forestry (1967) in Ariana. In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 33% of college and university enrollments. The University of Sciences, Technologies, and Medicine of Tunis (Tunis II, founded 1988) maintains a comprehensive science program, including faculties of medicine and mathematics, physics, and natural sciences and schools of veterinary medicine, health sciences and technology, engineering, computer science, and agriculture. The University of Sfax (founded in 1988) has faculties of medicine and science. In 1987–97, Tunisia had 125 scientists and engineers and 57 technicians per million people engaged in research and development. In 1996, Tunisia had one scientific technician per 2,000 inhabitants.