Tanzania - Judicial system



Mainland Tanzanian law is a combination of British, East African customary law, and Islamic law. Local courts are presided over by appointed magistrates. They have limited jurisdiction, and there is a right of appeal to district courts, headed by either resident or district magistrates. Appeal can be made to the High Court, which consists of a chief justice and 17 judges appointed by the president. It has both civil and criminal jurisdiction over all persons and all matters. Appeals from the High Court can be made to the five-member Court of Appeal. Judges are appointed to the Court of Appeal and the High Court by the president on the advice of the chief justice and to courts at lower levels by the chief justice.

In 1985, the Zanzibar courts were made parallel to those of the mainland. Islamic courts handle some civil matters. Cases concerning the Zanzibar constitution are heard only in Zanzibar courts. All other cases may be appealed to the Court of Appeal of the Republic.

Although declared independent by the constitution, the judiciary is subject to executive branch influence and is criticized as inefficient and corrupt. Questions have been raised as to the availability of a fair trial in politically charged cases.

User Contributions:

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May 27, 2011 @ 3:03 am
why does the court of appeal does not allowed to listen the union matter and to entertain matters about the zanzibar constitution. and how about the constitution court of dealing with union matters does it exist?
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Oct 11, 2011 @ 7:07 am
what are the type of jurisdiction which are applied in tanzania
pery
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Jan 18, 2012 @ 9:09 am
You could add some more information about how the court system works/
arcard
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Feb 20, 2013 @ 5:05 am
es its true that our court system are so inefficent due to many reasons but the most one is absency of separation of power in practice

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