Sudan relies on agriculture and animal husbandry for its export commodities. The most important exports are oil seeds, especially sesame (22%), cotton (17%), and sheep (12%). Other exports include gold (7.6%), vegetable oil (6.4%), crude vegetable materials (5.3%), and sugar (3.7%). As of 2000 it was expected that the development of oil reserves estimated at over 211 billion barrels might change Sudan's foreign trade situation. In 2000, Sudan imported about $17 million worth of irrigation materials from China.
In 1998 Sudan's imports were distributed among the following categories:
Principal trading partners in 1998 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:
|China (inc. Hong Kong)||19||268||-249|