Sudan - Foreign trade



Sudan relies on agriculture and animal husbandry for its export commodities. The most important exports are oil seeds, especially sesame (22%), cotton (17%), and sheep (12%). Other exports include gold (7.6%), vegetable oil (6.4%), crude vegetable materials (5.3%), and sugar (3.7%). As of 2000 it was expected that the development of oil reserves estimated at over 211 billion barrels might change Sudan's foreign trade situation. In 2000, Sudan imported about $17 million worth of irrigation materials from China.

In 1998 Sudan's imports were distributed among the following categories:

Sudan

Consumer goods 8.1%
Food 12.3%
Fuels 10.3%
Industrial supplies 36.7%
Machinery 16.8%
Transportation 15.3%
Other 0.5%

Principal trading partners in 1998 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:

Sudan

COUNTRY EXPORTS IMPORTS BALANCE
Saudi Arabia 129 222 -93
United Kingdom 80 330 -250
Egypt 40 54 -14
Italy 39 54 -15
India 23 107 -84
France 21 94 -73
Netherlands 19 52 -33
China (inc. Hong Kong) 19 268 -249
Korea 17 45 -28
Japan 14 146 -132

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