The population of Somalia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 9,890,000, which placed it as number 80 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 44% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 98 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is 4.17%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 15,263,000. The population density in 2002 was 12 per sq km (31 per sq mi).
It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 28% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Mogadishu, had a population of 1,162,000 in that year. Hargeysa (the former capital of British Somaliland), had an estimated 150,000 inhabitants. Other cities included Chisimayu, Berbera, and Merca. Approximately 60% of the population is nomadic. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000–2005 was 5.2%.