Somalia - Agriculture



Somalia Agriculture 1765
Photo by: foodcolors

Only 1.6% of Somalia's total land area is cultivated, and 69% is permanent pasture. There are two main types of agriculture, one indigenous and the other introduced by European settlers. The Somalis have traditionally engaged in rain-fed dry-land farming or in dry-land farming complemented by irrigation from the waters of the Shabeelle and Jubba rivers or from collected rainwater. Corn, sorghum, beans, rice, vegetables, cotton, and sesame are grown by both methods. Somali and Italian farmers operating the banana farms practice more modern European-style techniques, as do some of the newly created Somali cooperatives. A system of state-administered farms grew rapidly during the early 1970s.

The commercial crops, bananas and sugarcane, are grown on irrigated land along the two rivers. Bananas constitute the nation's major commercial crop; output was 50,000 tons in 1999, down from 110,000 tons in 1990. Sugarcane is cultivated at Giohar and Jilib by a state-owned company. Sugarcane production in 1999 totaled some 210,000 tons, down from 500,000 tons in 1985. Somalia is the world's leading producer of frankincense.

Between 1975 and 1991, all land was nationalized. Existing customary rights were generally honored, but the state took over large areas of irrigable land in the river valleys. Plantations had to register to obtain a concession grant, with the value of the land itself excluded from the selling price. In 1993, privatization and assistance from Italy (the main market for banana exports) began to help revitalize the agricultural sector. In 2001, agricultural products accounted for 47% of exports and 17% of imports; there was an agricultural trade surplus of $10.2 million.

User Contributions:

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Feb 9, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Ineed to know how can i cultivate sesame in juba river land
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Mar 31, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
Welldone and thanks for this report.
but, how can we improve the performance of agariculture in somalia?
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Apr 9, 2011 @ 10:10 am
will you made the last statics in 2011?
who are the contributers in somali peaple?
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Jul 23, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
a way to feed the nation from its own land or its gonna remain a bottomless pit !!! even the pirates would like that !!!
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Aug 14, 2011 @ 2:02 am
I am student and i want to know more about somali agriculture
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Aug 21, 2011 @ 8:08 am
I want to thank all somali agricultural people, then i would like to thank workers of this website which allow for as to know more information about the cultivation of somali society , ans I'm one of the somali agriculturalist who live in somalia , and i would like to develope of my counrty a side of agricultural development.
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Aug 27, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
I would like to start corn farming and vegetable oil industry. Can you help me with information about which area is suitable to farm for these purposes. Best regards.
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Sep 22, 2011 @ 5:05 am
Dear

Thanks for your data collection and we want to know more about the Somalia Agriculture how can we do,
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Oct 15, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
Somalia needs Agricultural tractors and equipments with pestcides, but not food from overseas.
We have got large land for farming, dryland agriculture and irrigation farm land.

Also, we need Agricultural education. Help us with the new Agricultural technologies and we can help by ourselves. We have got a rich country.

Warm regards.
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Oct 18, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
I am a somalia agriculturalist who live in mogadishu ,thge capital city of somalia . somalia has fertile lands which 8.1 million ha and unfortunitly we are in poverty.
Mohamed
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Dec 16, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
I am also a Somalia Agriculture man who live in the United State but travel alot to somalia. I was trying to find out what are the best seeds to plan in red soil in somalia the North or the West?
Mohammad H. Mayow
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Mar 15, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
Thanks to the website contributors. I am one of the students who almost finishing agricultural university in mugdishu city. I warmly pleased your documents about my beloved breadbasket country,somalia.please goback to the agriculural industries that had our country,publishing their date of establishment and how it links to the development and improvement to the agriculture and to the country in general.
m osman
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Apr 29, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
I want to learn more of agriculture in somali because My family have lands and hopefully I want to go back and be a former insha'allah...
Mr moha agriculture
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May 16, 2012 @ 11:11 am
I would like to thank encyclopedia web who contribute this details then I'd like to thank the somali experts. I am student who finished the secondary agriculture school who live in jowhar now i would like to work my knowledge until i finish the university
Abdisalam suurud
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May 29, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
Here i would like to thank the collectors of this data and those shared their ideas. Am a student studying agriculture, i want agriculture books only somalia agriculture how could i get? Pls email
agri eng _ abuukar
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May 30, 2012 @ 1:01 am
thanks all for your efforts to wards developing our country at the side of agriculture and so i like to thank this web workers
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Jul 3, 2012 @ 1:01 am
I want to thank all somali agricultural people, then i would like to thank workers of this website which allow us to know more information about the cultivation of somali society , and I'm one of the somali agriculturalist who live in USA but all my families still in somalia and never quit farming I have daily communication with them for thier needed they have Rever/Land but they only need power of irrigation system including Land preparation equipments.would like to develope of my counrty a side of agricultural development, i'm sure my knowledge will help thousands of somali farmers.
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Jul 11, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
firs of all I am thanks by Allah second I am one of students of Mogadishu, Somalia or complete secondary school in Somalia when I am starting the secondary up to now interest or like the faculty of agriculture now I hope to continue my dream. how to cultivated our resources
ismail
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Jul 15, 2012 @ 11:23 pm
hi im from somalia and im farmer giohar area im looking some one who has experience and knowledge.
nageeye
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Sep 30, 2012 @ 9:09 am
I know soomali soil is very good for some plantation but what i really need to know is can i coltivate pinapple fruits in somalia as a claimate and soil ?
Siaad barre
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Oct 30, 2012 @ 11:23 pm
Much thanks for the researcher of knowledge transfer.
I'm a Somali American stationed in Minnesota USA. I am interested
In purchasing farming land in somalia, preferably southern. My question, to whom ever that can answer. How do I go about purchasing land? And also so if their are any Somali farmers that would like to team up with me. Where I take care of all supply cost and you provide the land.
Mukhtar O Ibrahim
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Dec 4, 2012 @ 12:00 am
I want to thank all somali agricultural people, then i would like to thank workers of this website which allow us to know more information about the cultivation of somali society , and I'm one of the somali agriculturalist who live in USA but all my families still in somalia and never quit farming I have daily communication with them for thier needed they have Rever/Land but they only need power of irrigation system including Land preparation equipments.would like to develope of my counrty a side of agricultural development, i'm sure my knowledge will help thousands of somali farmers,at this time i already start working and deary the first havest of Corn and there are tomotos and beans on way with in 15 days but that's not enough for my goal to develop more land in order to creat more Job and Food to do that I need investing help so tell me is there anyway I can get help?
Mohamed deeq
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Dec 30, 2012 @ 4:04 am
i went to know the different king of crop that grouth in somlia espeacial dry crops
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Feb 5, 2013 @ 2:14 pm
I wanna thank somali people and workers of this website.
Really, i'm student who studies agriculture at Benadir university.
If i finish the study i'll help somali farmers.
khadar abdi ali
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Feb 8, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
i love somaliland becouse of I want to thank all somali agricultural people, then i would like to thank workers of this website which allow us to know more information about the cultivation of somali society , and I'm one of the somali agriculturalist who live in london but all my families still in somalia and never quit farming I have daily communication with them for thier needed they have Rever/Land but they only need power of irrigation system including Land preparation equipments.would like to develope of my counrty a side of agricultural development, i'm sure my knowledge will help thousands of somali farmers,at this time i already start working and deary the first havest of Corn and there are tomotos and beans on way with in 15 days but that's not enough for my goal to develop more land in order to creat more Job and Food to do that I need investing help so tell me is there anyway I can get help?
zakaria surcad
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Feb 9, 2013 @ 2:14 pm
I am somalian agronomist student i like to develope the cultivation of my motherland country somalia if God will now i would like to thank somalim agrcultural pple and workers of this website thanks all
mohamed baashi abdi
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Mar 13, 2013 @ 7:07 am
i am somaalian student i like to develope the cultivation of motherland country if allah will now i would like to somalian agrculture apple and workers of this website thanks all speacally society of diinsoor distrec
Ruun
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Jul 9, 2013 @ 6:06 am
i am Somali female agriculturist and i want to grow sesame so i need consultation to produce high yield
guuleed
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Jan 12, 2014 @ 9:09 am
the agriculture of somaliland is the highest of season
samir
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Jan 28, 2014 @ 11:11 am
I am one of the students of somlia and I want to thank the people who made this website to us(somali people) thanks you all.

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