The government hopes that crop diversification will help alleviate malnutrition, which continues to plague the country. There were an estimated 220 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 people reported in 1990. In 1994, 57% of the country's children had been vaccinated against measles. In the same year, 319 measles cases were reported.
In 1983, there were 16 hospitals and dispensaries, with 651 beds. By 1989, there were 61 doctors, 1 pharmacist, 5 dentists, 233 nurses, and 54 midwives. As of 1996 there were 0.5 physicians, 1.3 nurses, 0.3 midwives, and 0.1 dentists per 1,000 people.
The mortality rate for children under five years old was 82 per 1,000 live births (about 400 deaths) in 1994. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 47.5 per 1,000 live births in 2002 and life expectancy at 65.9 years. The total fertility rate was an estimated 5.9 children for each woman during her childbearing years. As of 2002, the crude birth rate and overall mortality rate were estimated at, respectively, 42.3 and 7.3 per 1,000 people.