A landlocked country in southeastern Africa, Malawi (formerly Nyasaland) has an area of 118,480 sq km (45,745 sq mi), of which 24,400 sq km (9,420 sq mi) consists of water, chiefly Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Niassa). Comparatively, the area occupied by Malawi is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania. Malawi extends 853 km (530 mi) N – S and 257 km (160 mi) E – W . It is bounded on the N and E by Tanzania, on the E , S , and SW by Mozambique, and on the W by Zambia, with a total boundary length of 2,881 km (1,790 mi).
Malawi's capital city, Lilongwe, is located in the central part of the country.