Egypt - Organizations
Most organizations in Egypt serve occupational and professional (particularly agricultural) goals. The land reform law makes it compulsory for landholders who have obtained land under it to join cooperative societies to help supply them with tested seeds, tools if available, and possibly markets. Several multinational organizations are based in Egypt, including the African farmers Association and the Arab Labor Organization. There are many chambers of commerce, representing various cities and various economic groups.
There are scholastic and archaeological, accounting, economic, historical, and other learned organizations. A national Academy of Scientific Research and Technology was established in 1971. Egypt serves as a multinational center for many sports organizations, including Arab federations for boxing, fishing, basketball, judo, gymnastics, and fencing, to name a few. Many youth organizations are affiliated with religious institutions. Scouting programs are active, as are chapters of the YMCA/YWCA. The Red Crescent Society is active.