Egypt - Industry





Egypt Industry 1103
Photo by: brooklynworks

Egypt at the time of the 1952 revolution was much further advanced industrially than any other Arab country or indeed any country in Africa except South Africa. Under the socialist Nasser administration, the government coordinated industrial expansion and the establishment of an industrial base. As a result, bureaucracy and a dependence on political directives from the government became common to Egyptian industry. Since the early 1990s the government has promoted privatization as a way to eventually increase industrial output.

Industry accounted for 30% of GDP in 2001. Major industrial products included textiles, chemicals (including fertilizers, polymers, and petrochemicals), pharmaceuticals, food processing, petroleum, construction, cement, metals, and light consumer goods. The clothing and textiles sector is the largest industrial employer.

Greater Cairo, Alexandria, and Helwan are Egypt's main industrial centers, producing iron and steel, textiles, refined petroleum products, plastics, building materials, electronics, paper, trucks and automobiles, and chemicals. The Helwan iron and steel plant, 29 km (18 mi) south of Cairo, using imported coke, processes iron ore mined near Aswan into sheets, bars, billets, plates, and blooms.

The petroleum industry accounts for 40% of export earnings, but there are concerns that by 2005–10 Egypt will have to import oil, as oil fields mature and domestic demand increases. Egypt's proven oil reserves in 1999 were estimated at 3.5 billion barrels. In 2002, the country had 9 oil refineries, and was producing 631,616 barrels per day of crude oil, down from 748,000 barrels per day in 2000. Egypt is encouraging oil exploration, but natural gas is becoming the focus of the country's oil and gas industries. In 2002, two multi-billion dollar liquefied natural gas projects designed to export gas to Europe were underway. A large natural gas field off the Mediterranean coast of the Egyptian city Damietta was discovered in 2002, with the field's reserves estimated at 530–1,060 billion cubic feet. Natural gas reserves in the country are estimated at 55 trillion cubic feet (Tcf).

Egypt's industrial sector has undergone major reforms since World Bank adjustment programs went into effect during 1991, privatizing and restructuring state owned enterprises. Some of the companies in important non-oil industries are technically in the private sector, but control still remains with the government.

User Contributions:

Corkey411
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 18, 2009 @ 10:10 am
I was doing a report on Egypt, and this page really helped for the industry section.
DarcSilver
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 29, 2009 @ 6:18 pm
wow this helped alot i had a big project due
thank u
Megan Cullen
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 4, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
wow this helped alot i had a big project due
thank u
----
same here, quick, fast and easy, i had to do a huge geography project in one night!
miley
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 13, 2009 @ 8:08 am
this help alot thank you so much



Miley
Massie Brooks
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 4, 2009 @ 10:10 am
I was doing a report on Egypt and this page really helped me. Thank you so much.

Massie Brooks
sahar6229
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 17, 2009 @ 4:04 am
hey.thx for the data .it was so helpful ,cuz my teacher would kill me if i hadnt get them
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 4, 2010 @ 4:16 pm
This helpped me alittle, but not as much info as i needed./:
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 11, 2010 @ 10:22 pm
this page is super helpful!!!i had to do a huge project in one night because i was procrastinating alot so this was super helpful in the industry section!!!
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 7, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
This page is awesome for school projects very useful.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 22, 2010 @ 12:00 am
HEY! THANKS A LOT OF THIS KIND OF REPORT THIS WOULD BE HELPFUL FOR MY REPORT ALSO.
courtney
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 6, 2010 @ 11:11 am
People on this page don know how to spell.. and this paper was not helpfull and i have report due tomarow so dont stay on this site because it will not help you !
surinder singh
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 7, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
i was having an exam on IBM and this article really helped me a lot. thanks to the publisher.
shayla
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 5, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
very usefull thanks alot I HAD A BIG PROJECT THANK U
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 7, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
This page is great.Saved me a lot of looking up since I have a project on Egypt due next friday.
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 11, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
this is not a good thing to look up! :( ... you people should take this off
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 12, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
I had a Report on Egypt and I needed industrial and agricultural products, and this helped a lot.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 2, 2011 @ 6:06 am
I am going to send a report to JRank that he has proved helpful to me!
This encyclopedia is proved useful to me. MY entire project needed only 5 mins. to be completed! (only the data part)
katarina stevenson
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 13, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
this was useful to my report, but i was looking more for factor endowments in the oil refinery
erin fassio
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 13, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
thanks i really needed this report to be finished for social studies
beandip787
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 28, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
THIS REALLY HELPED ON MY RESEACH PAPER ON EGYPT >>>>>>>>>>>>
MIK LOG
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 8, 2012 @ 9:09 am
Wow i have a project on Egypt.This really helps me learn about inport export etc.Thank u for your helpful WEBSITE
raven
Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 30, 2013 @ 8:08 am
thank you this is really helpfully for my project in social studies ^^
Mark
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 28, 2013 @ 10:10 am
I don't have any report for this to be helpful.. actually I am Egyptian and I this is the first time I know these things about my country.. thanks
Mark
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 28, 2013 @ 1:13 pm
I don't have any report for this to be helpful.. actually I am Egyptian and I this is the first time I know these things about my country.. thanks
sai
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 28, 2014 @ 9:21 pm
this helped me a lot for my social science project
bob
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 1, 2014 @ 2:14 pm
I am doing my Geography homework and this page is a god send I have spent ages trying to find a good website to copy down information and it has helped 2 pages more!
Amanda
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 25, 2014 @ 12:00 am
thanks, it helped me do my social studies project a lot , thanks again!
aliyu
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 30, 2014 @ 6:18 pm
I was studying for an Egyptian economy paper and this page was slot of help

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA


Egypt forum