Botswana - Agriculture

Only about 0.7% of total land area is arable. Crop production is hampered by traditional farming methods, recurrent drought, erosion, and disease. Most of the land under cultivation is in the eastern region. The principal crops for domestic use are sorghum, corn, and millet. Sorghum and corn production in 1999 were 13,000 tons and 5,000 tons, respectively. The sorghum and corn harvests comprise less than 10% of the annual requirement of 250,000 tons. In 2001, Botswana imported 174,198 tons of cereals, valued at almost $53 million. Grain is usually imported from Zimbabwe and South Africa. Smaller quantities of cowpeas, beans, and other pulses are also grown. The 1999 output of all these crops was about 20,000 tons; in addition, 16,000 tons of vegetables and 10,000 tons of fruit were grown.

Agricultural research has been devoted to soil conservation, grazing experiments, and developing and distributing improved strains of grain. The construction of dams and the drilling of boreholes to tap underground water are continuing government programs. In early 1990, the government changed its official agricultural policy to emphasize the production only of those foodstuffs which can be raised economically. The Arable Lands Development Program and the Tribal Grazing Land Policy are government programs designed to help farmers in communal areas.

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Jan 6, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
as an aspiring young farmer, who is more interested in mix farming, crops ie; tomatoes (sese/jwaneng area) and also in manyana area, maize (jwaneng area) lattice, green pepper,litchi, chilies, please can i get help on how to plough all the said crops. from day one to day of harvesting. please send them to my email your help is highly appreciated and looking forward to any other help of any kind in making my farming viable and successful,sustainable. Thank You
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Mar 10, 2011 @ 10:10 am
What crops do Botswana Grows? Answern ASAP because I have a Project Due in 2 days!
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Jul 7, 2011 @ 9:09 am
i wish to have a link of friends in horticulture, is many as possible.
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Aug 8, 2011 @ 4:04 am
I am a Kenyan citizen. I like farming a lot. I am looking for someone in botswana whom we can collaborate to do farming so that we can better the lives of the people.
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Feb 22, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
iam a young motswana who is very keen to see agriculture grow in Botswana, but it's unfortunate that as scientists in Botswana we have left all the decisions to the politicians. i agree with everyone else that we are governed by them but scientific work is scientific work.
currently agriculture is given it's budget with other ministries despite the commitment by the UN of givin a certain budget only to agriculture. research is so far the aspect of agriculture that is left behind it needs development in terms of personnel, resources, capacity building and independence in the work they do eg's ICRISAT in zimbabwe, IRRI in kenya to mention but a few, therefore plant protection should be made a department so that they are able to maintain their own activities and also train as many specialists in their respective areas as possible to avoid issues of other trading countries selling to us commodities that are infested and their admission be secured by the lack of competence from our side. it is no need increasing the area under production and not knowing or having the capacity to protect such in case of infestation, that 1 is exemplified by our veterinary department they have capacity and i really respect that. so i recommend that agriculture require a serious overhall, to start thinking development not maintanance!
Jan Britz
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Jun 19, 2012 @ 6:06 am
I'm from South Africa born as a farmer is 100% with Mortan regarding farming in Botswana the poeple need to know how to do it properly so that thye can all bennefit out of it . food is a must you can't live with out.I will like to go and help the poeple of Botswana in the farming industry
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Jul 27, 2012 @ 6:06 am
Hi, I am AGRICULTURAL ENGINEER, Kindly contect me on with any kind of agricultural requirement. we have lot of opportunity as so much land and resources available here to develop our agriculture
masego dode
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Sep 28, 2013 @ 5:05 am
i really want know how an engineer in agriculture can a major impact on an economy. and please can i be linked to young engineers around the world if possible
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Oct 27, 2013 @ 5:17 pm
I am a young zimbabwean making research on agriculture in southern africa.therefore i am interested in knowing the agricultural seasons of botswana and the crops grown in each season,the soil types and how to grow some fruits eg tomatoes,onions, from sowing up to harvest in your nation.just email me please
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May 10, 2017 @ 2:02 am
Botswana has a lot of potential in the agriculture sector. I see no reason why it has to import the bulk of food consumed in the country. With such a small population the country should be able to be a net exporter of food. I am an Agricultural Strategic Planner and Biogas Technician. I have developed some agricultural projects in South Africa that are working so well for both commercial farmers and small rural farming communities. Botswana agriculture can be developed with the click of a finger. Local communities can be trained and mentored to be self reliant on food production and agro-processing. No rocket science needed.

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