In 1999 there were an estimated 1,345,000 head of cattle; 634,000 sheep; 1,087,000 goats; 470,000 hogs; and 29 million chickens. Most of Benin's cattle are in the north beyond the main trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) zone inhabited by the tsetse fly, but there is also a small hardy type in the lagoon area. Horses are rare owing to the ravages of trypanosomiasis. Poultry are mainly confined to the south of the country.
Estimated output of livestock products in 1999 included 23,000 tons of beef and veal; 6,000 tons of sheep and goat meat; and 6,000 tons of pork. Although the livestock population had increased by 40% in the 1990s, Benin still imported substantial amounts of meat and poultry to meet local demand.